Scenario 1-China criticizes US sanctions on Iran when a coalition agreement was formed


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SHANGHAI, Jan 15 (Reuters) – China reaffirmed its opposition to US sanctions against Iran as Chinese and Iranian foreign ministers announced the establishment of a 25-year agreement aimed at strengthening economic and political ties.

At a meeting on Friday in Wuxi, Jiangsu province, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi also supported efforts to revive the 2015 nuclear deal between the major powers and Iran.

A summary of the meeting between Wang and Iran’s Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian was posted on Saturday at the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Wang, who is also the State Councilor, said the US was “deeply responsible for the crisis in Iran, as it abandoned the 2015 nuclear deal between the major powers and Iran.”

Under the treaty, in response to the lifting of international sanctions, Iran could reduce uranium enrichment activities, making it more difficult to develop nuclear weapons – even though Tehran refuses to develop nuclear weapons plans.

Wang said China would actively support the resumption of talks on the nuclear deal.

But he said China strongly opposes sanctions against Iran, political interference in fundamental human rights issues, and interference in Iran’s internal affairs and other regional issues.

The United States has retaliated against sanctions that severely damaged Iran’s economy following the withdrawal of the 2018 nuclear deal, saying the talks did not do enough to end Iran’s nuclear program, ballistic missile program and regional influence.

One year later, Iran began to slowly break the treaty, rebuild heavy uranium reserves, refine them to a point of purity, and set high centrifuges to accelerate extraction.

China and Iran, both under US sanctions, signed a 25-year agreement last March, bringing Iran to China ‘Belt and Road Initiative, a multi-billion dollar development plan that seeks to move from East Asia to Europe.

The project seeks to boost China’s economic and political influence, and has raised concerns in the United States and elsewhere.

Summary on the Foreign Ministry said the agreement enhances Sino-Iran cooperation in areas such as power, construction, agriculture, health and social care, as well as online security and international cooperation.

Iran and the US are still embroiled in controversy over whether a compromise could be reached to renew the treaty and allay fears of a Middle East war. A source close to the talks said on Friday that many issues had not been resolved.

Wang, who earlier this week met with several colleagues from the Gulf Arab states concerned about the potential threat to Iran, also said China hopes to establish a mechanism to engage with Gulf states to discuss regional security. (Reports by Andrew Galbraith; Edited by Simon Cameron-Moore)



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