Ndondomeko za Zero-Covid zikuwopseza malo a Hong Kong padziko lapansi


Kunja kwa zitseko zotsekedwa za Landmark Mandarin Oriental paphokoso, lodzazana la Queen’s Road Central lomwe limadutsa pakati pa chigawo cha bizinesi ku Hong Kong, payimilira mlonda yekhayo atavala epuloni yapulasitiki ndi magolovesi. Chenjezo loti asalowe mu hotelo ya nyenyezi zisanu yomwe idali yodzaza anthu – yomwe tsopano ndi ndende yotetezeka kwambiri – ikuyimira mzinda womwe wasinthidwa ndi mliri komanso ndale.

Mkati, alendo omwe ali m’zipinda 111 ndi akapolo a lamulo loti azikhala kwaokha kwa milungu itatu lomwe lateteza kwambiri Hong Kong ku Covid-19 koma lomwe lasokoneza mbiri yake ngati imodzi mwamabizinesi opambana kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. The Landmark ndi amodzi mwa “mahotela 44 osankhidwa kukhala kwaokha”, okhala ndi zipinda pafupifupi 12,500 kudutsa Hong Kong – zambiri zosakhala bwino – zomwe tsopano zikuyimira kupuma kwanthawi yayitali komanso kokhumudwitsa kwa aliyense wofika m’gawolo.

Malo azachuma padziko lonse lapansi amadalira kuyenda kwaulere kwa anthu ndi malingaliro. Palibe chomwe chikuchitika pakali pano, akutero ogwira ntchito m’mafakitale a zachuma ndi amalonda mumzindawu. Mzindawu ukuchokera m’chaka chomwe anthu adatsika ndi 1.2 peresenti, pafupifupi anthu 87,000, ndi anthu ochepa omwe adafikapo kudzawasintha. Pomwe kukhala kwaokha komanso kuletsa maulendo kumayiko angapo kuphatikiza US ndi UK kukupitilira – ndege zayimitsidwa mpaka chaka chatsopano cha China mu February koyambirira – kutuluka kumeneko kuyenera kukulirakulira.

Kuyesetsa kwa Beijing kuletsa ufulu wina wa anthu ku Hong Kong pakati pa zionetsero zomwe zafala mu 2019 zidadzutsa kale mafunso okhudza udindo wawo ngati likulu lazachuma.

Mlonda amatsegula chitseko pa hotelo yokhala kwaokha ku North Point, Hong Kong, komwe kuli malo ambiri otere, okhala ndi zipinda pafupifupi 12,500 kudutsa mzindawu © Bertha Wang/AFP kudzera pa Getty Images.

Simon Cartledge, wofufuza amene wakhala m’gawolo kwa zaka 30 anati: “Ngati Hong Kong ilibe kugwirizana ndi mayiko ena onse padziko lapansi, ndiye kuti palibenso chifukwa chokhalira. “Koma chifukwa cha ndale, boma silingaganizirenso njira yabwino kwambiri.”

Makampani tsopano akudandaula za zovuta zomwe zimagwirabe ntchito mumzinda womwe poyamba unkadzikuza chifukwa chopeza mosavuta.

“Ndakhala ndikukonda Hong Kong kwa zaka 28, koma tsopano ndi nthawi yoti ndipite,” akutero mkulu wina wa ku Britain m’makampani a zosangulutsa a mumzindawo, amene adzanyamuka ndi banja lake kumapeto kwa chaka cha sukulu mu June. “Sizingatheke kugwira ntchito ku Hong Kong ngati uchita bizinesi ku Asia chifukwa ukhoza kuchoka mosavuta koma sungathe kubwerera. Pali anthu olimba mtima omwe adakhala kwaokha awiri kapena atatu. . .[but] sichiyenera anthu amalonda.”

Ena amatsutsa Hong Kong – kwazaka zambiri zoyambira makampani omwe akuchita bizinesi ku China – akusinthidwa kukhala mzinda wina waku China. Iwo akuda nkhawa kuti mliriwu, komanso mayendedwe okhwima a mzindawu, zathandizira izi. Ena, komabe, amalankhula za lonjezo la kusinthika kukhala malo atsopano azachuma, omwe akupitirizabe kuyenda bwino pa malo ake monga njira yopita ku China, koma ndi zochepa kwambiri zofanana ndi anzawo ku New York kapena London.

“Anthu akukamba za ‘imfa ya Hong Kong monga tikudziwira’, koma ndiye mfundo yake. Chilichonse chikasintha, chabwino kapena choipa, mtundu wakale umafa,” akutero mkulu wa thumba lalikulu la ndalama zapadziko lonse ku United States amene akufuna kukhalabe ku Hong Kong. “Ife” m’mawu omwe mumamvawa mwina ndi ochokera kumayiko akumadzulo omwe akhala pano kwa zaka zambiri kapena zaka zambiri kapena nzika zaku Hong Kong ndipo onse akuwonetsa tsogolo lawo ndi maso akumbuyo.”

‘Aramagedo Yamakampani’

Ngakhale omwe akuyembekeza kwanthawi yayitali ku Hong Kong amavomereza kuti pali zinthu zomwe zimadetsa nkhawa.

Mabizinesi apadziko lonse lapansi, omwe agwa kwambiri pakulemba ganyu kuchokera kunja kwa Hong Kong, akuyembekezeka kutuluka chilimwe chino. “Ndikuda nkhaŵa ndi kuthekera kopitirizabe kugwira ntchito,” anatero mkulu wa banki yapadziko lonse ku Hong Kong. “Sizokakamiza aliyense amene akugwira ntchito [abroad] kuti abwere ku Hong Kong.

Carrie Lam, wamkulu wa Hong Kong, yemwe adayika patsogolo kubwezeretsedwa kwaulendo wopanda anthu okhala kwaokha ndi China m'malo mokhala ndi dziko lonse lapansi.
Carrie Lam, wamkulu wa Hong Kong, yemwe adayika patsogolo kubwezeretsedwa kwa maulendo opanda anthu okhala kwaokha ndi China osati ndi dziko lonse lapansi © Lam Yik/Bloomberg

“Ndimayendetsa kampani yomwe ili ndi antchito masauzande ambiri mderali ndipo sindingathe kuwachezera aliyense pokhapokha nditakhala ndekha kwa nthawi yayitali,” akuwonjezera. “Kutha kuyendetsa dera kuchokera pamalo pomwe mzindawu udatsekedwa padziko lonse lapansi ndikuvutikira.”

Bankiyi ikutaya anthu ambiri ochokera kunja komanso anthu akumaloko omwe ali ndi mabanja kutsidya kwa nyanja, akuwonjezera, ndi kutsika kwapamwamba kuwirikiza kawiri pachaka.

Kuvomera kwa Visa kwa akatswiri akunja kwatsika kuchoka pa 40,000 mu 2019 kufika pa 10,000 m’miyezi isanu ndi inayi yoyambirira ya 2021, malinga ndi deta ya boma.

Ngakhale mantha amtundu wa Omicron omwe amatha kufalikira kwambiri adalimbikitsa Hong Kong kuti akhazikitsenso njira yake ya zero-Covid, kutseka masukulu, kukhazikitsa malire atsopano ochezera komanso kuletsa zoletsa ndege, bungwe la Asia Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association, gulu lalikulu kwambiri lazachuma ku Asia, linachenjeza. kuti pafupifupi theka la mabanki akuluakulu apadziko lonse ndi mamenejala a katundu mumzindawo amakhulupirira kuti mikhalidwe yabizinesi idzaipa m’zaka zitatu zikubwerazi.

Nyengo ya bonasi – yomwe iyamba kuyambira pano mpaka Epulo – yakulitsa nkhawa zakutha kwaubongo kumabanki apadziko lonse lapansi. “Kubetcherana konse sikuli kwakuti ndi anthu angati amene adzasiya mabonasi akalipidwa,” akutero wobanki wina. “Ndi Armagedo yamakampani.”

Nthawi zina, maudindo akuluakulu m’mabungwe azachuma amakhalabe opanda kanthu kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi kapena kuposerapo, malinga ndi a headhunters – zomwe zikufotokozedwa kuti “zosamveka” ndi Ryan Gillespie ku kampani yofufuzira Prestwick Group. “Makampani akuti tikutaya anthu athu abwino kwambiri ndipo sitingapeze talente yofanana kuti tiwalowe m’malo,” akuwonjezera.

Ogwira ntchito ku eyapoti yapadziko lonse ya Hong Kong.  Ngakhale ena mwa akuluakulu azandale mumzindawu amavomereza kuti malamulo okhazikitsira anthu apaulendo asokoneza kwambiri momwe mabizinesi amagwirira ntchito.
Ogwira ntchito ku eyapoti yapadziko lonse ya Hong Kong. Ngakhale ena mwa akuluakulu azandale amumzindawu amavomereza kuti malamulo okhazikitsira anthu apaulendo asokoneza kwambiri momwe mabizinesi amagwirira ntchito © Chan Long Hei/Bloomberg

Othandizira njira zokhazikitsira anthu mokhazikika amatchula anthu ochepa omwe amafa ku Hong Kong panthawi ya mliri: anthu 213 okha ndi omwe afa mwa anthu 7.5m. Koma ngakhale akuluakulu a ndale mumzindawu akuvomereza kuti zasokoneza kwambiri mabizinesi.

Jeffrey Lam, yemwe ndi mlangizi wa nduna yaikulu ya Carrie Lam, anati: “Pakali pano. [talent] kubwera ku Hong Kong. Koma . . . zikuwoneka kuti a [few] anthu ambiri akuchoka mumzindawu.

“Sindikuganiza kuti iyi ikhala nthawi yayitali, chifukwa Hong Kong ikadali malo okongola kwambiri, okhala ndi msonkho wotsika komanso wosavuta. [system] ndi malo abizinesi okhazikika poyerekeza ndi malo ena. Koma ndikuganiza kuti boma liyenera kupanga njira zatsopano zokopa anthu ambiri aluso. “

Koma, bola ngati Beijing ikulamulira mwamphamvu kutuluka kwa ndalama mkati ndi kunja kwa China, Hong Kong imakhala ndi cholinga. Ena akuwonetsa kusinthika kwa msika wamasheya, ndale zaku US zikukankhira mindandanda yaku China kutali ndi misika yaku America komanso ndale zaku China zomwe zimawakokera ku Hong Kong.

“[Hong Kong’s] Mndandanda wa Hang Seng unali wokhudza katundu ndi mabanki. Tsopano ndi sewero lachindunji ku China, “atero woyang’anira thumba wina wakale wakale. “Zingakhale zovuta kulemba anthu ochokera ku US kapena ku Europe, koma sindikuganiza kuti mabungwe azachuma azikhala ndi vuto lolemba anthu aluso ochokera ku China kuti abwere kudzagwira ntchito kuno. Ndipo izi ndi zomwe malo azachuma amakhudza – ndalama komanso talente. ”

Njira ya ‘China choyamba’

Udindo wa Hong Kong ngati likulu lazamalonda ndi zachuma udali pachiwopsezo kale njira yake ya zero-Covid isanayitulutse padziko lonse lapansi. Zipolowe zandale zomwe zidachitika miyezi ingapo mliriwu usanachitike zidakulitsa mkangano wokhudza ubale wamzindawu ndi China komanso zomwe ukuyimira kunja.

Apolisi amanga munthu wochita ziwonetsero zotsutsana ndi lamulo lachitetezo cha dziko la Hong Kong lokhazikitsidwa ndi Beijing.  Lamuloli lakhala likugwiritsidwa ntchito pofuna kuthetsa otsutsa andale m’derali

Apolisi amanga munthu wochita ziwonetsero zotsutsana ndi lamulo lachitetezo cha dziko la Hong Kong lokhazikitsidwa ndi Beijing. Lamuloli lagwiritsidwa ntchito pofuna kuthana ndi otsutsa andale mderali © Anthony Kwan/Getty Images

Pambuyo popereka Hong Kong kuchokera ku Britain kupita ku China mu 1997, “Dziko limodzi, machitidwe awiri” mawonekedwe a Deng Xiaoping adalola kuti mzindawu ukule bwino ngati khomo lolowera chuma chomwe chikukula mwachangu kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Kuwonekera kwa Hong Kong ngati malo azachuma kunamangidwa pazipata ziwiri zotseguka: imodzi yolumikiza ku China ndi ina kudziko lonse lapansi. Khulupirirani chilungamo cha machitidwe ake azamalamulo ndi kutuluka kwaufulu kwachidziwitso kumaika patsogolo ndi London ndi New York.

Ngakhale pano, ena amakhulupirira kuti malingaliro akale adzakhalapo komanso kuti tsogolo la Hong Kong likutsimikiziridwa ndi Beijing. Ena amakhulupirira kuti amalephera kumvetsa mmene zinthu zandale zayendera. Motsogozedwa ndi Purezidenti Xi Jinping, chipani cha Chikomyunizimu cha China chidaganiza kuti sichingalolenso ufulu wa anthu ku Hong Kong komanso gulu lawo lolimbikitsa demokalase. Kukhazikitsa kwa Beijing kwa lamulo lachitetezo cha dziko mu June 2020 kwagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthana ndi otsutsa andale mderali.

Mliriwu utabuka ndipo China idasankha kudzitsekera padziko lapansi, Hong Kong idasowa chochita koma kutsatira pomwe Xi adafotokozera momveka bwino kuti “dziko limodzi” likuyimba “machitidwe awiri”. Zimenezi zimabweretsa vuto lalikulu kwambiri m’gawoli.

Katswiri wina wamaphunziro a ku China, amene amalangiza boma lalikulu ku Hong Kong koma anapempha kuti asatchulidwe, ananena kuti: “Pamene pali ulamuliro wambiri pa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake. Kong ndi China. ”

Lam adayika patsogolo kubwezeretsedwa kwa maulendo aulere ndi China – malire adatsekedwa bwino kuyambira koyambirira kwa 2020 ndipo zokopa alendo zakumtunda ndizofunikira kwambiri pachuma cha Hong Kong – osati ndi dziko lonse lapansi. Ngati apambana, ikadzakhala koyamba m’mbiri ya zaka 180 za Hong Kong yamakono kuti ikhale yotsegula ku China koma osati kunja.

Anthu ali pamzere kuti akayezetse Covid ku Hong Kong.  Kufalikira kwaposachedwa kwa Covid ku Hong Kong ndi China kukutanthauza kuti kuyenda mopanda anthu okhala kwaokha pakati pa awiriwa kwayimitsidwanso

Anthu ali pamzere kuti akayezetse Covid ku Hong Kong. Kufalikira kwaposachedwa kwa Covid ku Hong Kong ndi China kukutanthauza kuti kuyenda mopanda anthu okhala kwaokha pakati pa awiriwa kwayimitsidwanso © Vincent Yu/AP

Pokhapokha pomwe oyang’anira a Lam adzatha kuyesa kuwongolera omasuka kwa omwe akufika padziko lonse lapansi – monga Singapore yachitira ndi “njira zoyendera katemera” zaulere – pokhapokha ngati Beijing ivomereza.

Kufalikira kwaposachedwa kwa Covid ku Hong Kong ndi China kukutanthauza kuti maulendo opanda anthu okhala kwaokha pakati pa awiriwa ayimiliranso.

Cartledge anati: “Zikuoneka kuti kutsegula ndi kumtunda sikudzachitika posachedwapa. Ndondomeko ya boma ya zero-Covid ikuchita [real] ululu.”

Mkulu wakale wa banki ina yayikulu ku Hong Kong, yemwe sanatchulidwe dzina, akuti: “Mudzakhala ndi otuluka ambiri akuchoka komanso kuchulukitsa kwa mabwanamkubwa aku Hong Kong kapena aku China pa maudindo onse akuluakulu. Kudzakhala malo, sindikuwona njira iliyonse mozungulira izo.

“Mabizinesi ambiri ali ndi mphatso zokwanira ku Hong Kong ndi ku China kotero kuti izi zisakhale zovuta, koma pakapita nthawi [global businesses] idzataya mgwirizano pakati pa bizinesi ya Hong Kong / China ndi likulu ku US kapena kwina kulikonse.

“Mtengo wa Hong Kong sudzakhala ziro,” akuwonjezera motero, “koma zidzakhala zosiyana.”

Kwa iwo omwe ali m’zipinda za hotelo ku Hong Kong, kuwerengera masiku kuti akhale paufulu, kusintha kulikonse kungakhale kolandirika. “Mumatsekeredwa m’bokosi kwa milungu itatu, simukudziŵa kalikonse,” akutero loya wina wa ku Britain amene anachoka mumzindawo, kupita ku Ulaya kukagwira ntchito, posachedwapa koma akuwopa kubwerera kwake. “Ndiye ngati ndingayerekeze kubwerera.”

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